Diabetes is a disorder where a patient has high blood sugar levels affects multiple organs. One of the organs at the greatest risk is your feet. In this article we explain how to take care of the feet and how to avoid problems that occur otherwise.
A total of 15% of the diabetic patients suffer from foot ulcers during their lifetime. Do you want to be one of them?
A clinical study reported the effect of proper foot care and attention on the prevention and control of diabetic foot ulcers. Hence, it need not be more effectively stressed that foot care helps prevent foot ulcers.
Let us develop an overview of the problem before we learn how to address it.
Initially, you may experience a loss of sensation in your feet, followed by muscular atrophy (i.e., the destruction of muscle tissues, which is sometimes accompanied by cracking of dry skin and bone deformations). These are the problems associated with diabetic neuropathy (which are the changes in the nerves of diabetic patients). Hence, you should regularly visit a physician to get your feet checked and inspected.
Diabetic foot ulcers usually result in
Thick callus and infection
Oedema or swelling
Be aware of the need for proper foot care
Check your feet regularly and report any sores or cuts that do not heal
Control blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol
Manage wounds with therapy and clinician’s assistance
Carefully observe changes in your feet including colour, swelling, breaks in the skin, pain or numbness
Use well-fitting and comfortable footwear
Check your footwear regularly for areas that will cause friction or other problems
Seek help from a health care professional if your footwear causes difficulties or problems
Wear specialist footwear if it has been prescribed/supplied
Practice hygiene (daily washing and careful drying)
Moisturise dry skin
Take care of your nails
Know the dangers associated with practices such as skin removal and dangers associated with over-the-counter preparations for foot problems
Seek advice from a health care professional if any colour change, swelling, breaks in the skin, corns or calluses, pain or numbness are found or if self-care and monitoring are not possible or difficult because of reduced mobility
Keep in mind the possible consequences of neglecting the feet, potential complications and the benefits of prevention and prompt detection and treatment
For people at increased, or high, risk of foot ulcers, the following points should be kept in mind, in addition to the above:
If neuropathy is present, extra care, vigilance and additional precautions needed to keep the feet protected.
Do not walk barefoot
Learn to deal with potential burning of numb feet
Check bath temperatures
Avoid hot water bottles, electric blankets, foot spas and sitting too close to fires
Do not wear new shoes
Plan adequate rest periods to avoid additional stress on the feet
Walk up and down aisles when travelling by air
Use sun block on the feet
Carry a first aid kit and cover any sores with a sterile dressing
Seek medical help if problems develop
Issued in public interest by Novartis
Always consult your doctor for any medical advice
The information contained here is not to be used for treatment purpose or for diagnosis of health problems or as a substitute to expert medical advice. Please consult your doctor for any health related problems or queries that you may have. Although great care has been taken in computing and checking the information, Novartis is not responsible or liable in any way for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies in or otherwise howsoever for any consequences arising there from
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